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What is Structure of Nucleic Acids ?

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Sugar:

• All nucleotides contain a 5-carbon sugar (pentose); the pentose ribose is

found in RNA while deoxyribose is found in DNA. In deoxyribose

molecules, one oxygen atom (O) is missing from 2′ position (Fig. 3.1). The

nucleic acids (NA) are named after the sugar present in them, for

example,

• Ribose + nucleic acid —> Ribose-nucleic acid, commonly written

as “ribonucleic acid” (RNA).

• Deoxyribose + nucleic acid —> de-oxy-ribose-nucleic acid, commonly

written as “deoxyribonucleic acid” (DNA).

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